The full advice was published later, showing that the terms of the backstop could mean that the UK could face “long and repeated rounds of negotiations.”  In March 2019, further notices were issued that the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law could be used if it turned out that the backstop had a “socially destabilizing effect on Northern Ireland”.  New Prime Minister Boris Johnson last week declared “death” both the “backstop” agreement and the withdrawal. Below is some information on the backstop, the points raised by Von Johnson and the EU reaction. If the UK is to leave the EU by agreement on 31 October, the withdrawal agreement must be ratified by both the UK and the EU. Ratification by the United Kingdom requires the agreement of the VA and the House of Commons and the adoption of legislation on the implementation of the VA in UK legislation. Eu ratification requires the approval of the VA in a request for a compliant opinion from the European Parliament and final approval by the EU Council by an overqualified majority. In his letter, Johnson promised that the British government and the British parliament would quickly approve a Brexit deal without a backstop. But he also says the UK will leave the EU on 31 October, regardless of that. When Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July 2019, he said there would be no further delay in Brexit and that Britain would step down on 31 October. His preference would be to go with an agreement, but only if it were to be abolished on the basis of a renegotiation procedure to amend the provisions of the VA protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, also known as the “backstop” said by the Prime Minister.
The terms of the backstop were finalized in November 2018. Both the UK and the EU agreed that opening the border and respecting the terms of the Good Friday agreement were essential in negotiations on a post-Brexit deal. That is why they have committed themselves to the principle that, even if future trade negotiations fail, there should be provisions to ensure that the border remains as open as it is today. This principle is the Irish backstop. He seems ready to avoid backstop by other means, either by trying to renegotiate the agreement with the EU or by leaving the EU without a deal. In an earlier version of the piece, which was incorrectly stated, critics of the Irish backstop are concerned that “this will lead to other rules for Northern Ireland compared to the rest of the EU”, which should have been “the rest of the UK”. The same conditions of competition concerned taxation, environmental protection, labour standards, state aid and competition. These have been replaced by less specific and non-binding commitments in the political declaration to impose these principles in any future trade agreement between the EU and the UK. On 13 November 2018, a modest speech was presented in the House of Commons calling for the release of legal advice given to the government on the proposed EU withdrawal agreement. The government`s response was presented to Parliament on December 3 by Attorney General Geoffrey Cox. However, the next day it was considered incomplete by MPs, which resulted in a vote in which, for the first time in history, the UK government failed to respect Parliament.  EU and UK negotiators have reached agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the future EU-UK relationship on 23 March 2018.
Mr Barnier told French radio station RTL: “The time is too short to find an alternative to the Irish backstop and the UK`s divorce treaty with the European Union will not be reopened to negotiations.”  At the beginning of the Brexit talks, Britain and the EU pledged to avoid a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic.