10. U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement, Appendix I: Japan`s Tariffs and Customs Provisions, I-B-5-1; ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/agreements/japan/Annex_I_Tariffs_and_Tariff-Related_Provisions_of_Japan.pdf. 9. www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-secured-tremendous-victory-american-farmers-businesses-new-japan-trade-agreements/. Japan has requested ratification by submitting the agreements to its bicameral legislation, the National Parliament. On November 19, 2019, the lower house of Parliament, the House of Representatives, voted on both agreements. On 4 December 2019, the Landtag approved the agreements after adoption by the Council, the House of Lords of the Landtag. In the absence of congressional approval in the United States, President Trump signed the agreements himself on December 26, 2019. Both agreements came into force on January 1, 2020. Japan is the United States` fourth largest merchandise trading partner, with the two countries trading $217.6 billion in merchandise in 2018.
In addition, U.S. agricultural exports to Japan totaled $13 billion in 2018, making Japan the third largest agricultural export market and underscores Japan`s importance to U.S. farmers. As we all celebrated the new year, January 1, 2020, implicitly launched a new trade agreement for the United States. The U.S.-Japan trade agreement is the latest free trade agreement that benefits U.S. importers and exporters.1 Signed on October 7, 20192, along with the U.S.-Japan Digital Trade Agreement, which only came into force on New Year`s Day, after the implementation of existing legal procedures. The important thing is that it is not about cars and auto parts, but the two countries have agreed to continue negotiations on the removal of tariffs on these types of products.3 Nearly three years after his presidency, Trump had only concluded an additional trade agreement that came into force – a small renegotiation of the free trade agreement between the United States and Korea. Its negotiators also agreed on a new North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which must be passed by both the Senate and the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives. 12. General Note 4 (a) (k) in Schedule II of the trade agreement. ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/agreements/japan/Annex_II_Tariffs_and_Tariff-Related_Provisions_of_the_United_States.pdf.